Obesity surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a highly consequential surgical procedure designed to reduce the size of the stomach, leading to substantial weight loss. This treatment option demands unwavering commitment, a shift in mindset, and the adoption of a healthier lifestyle, including dietary changes. It is primarily recommended for individuals suffering from morbid obesity, indicated by a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or greater, or a BMI of 35 or greater in the presence of other obesity-related health complications.

The advantages of obesity surgery are numerous, encompassing significant improvements in overall health and the prevention and management of various conditions such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases, all of which can contribute to premature mortality. However, certain contraindications and risk factors must be taken into consideration before undergoing this procedure. These include severe comorbidities that may pose health complications post-surgery, serious psychiatric disorders, substance abuse or alcohol dependence, individuals under the age of 18 or over the age of 65, and an inability to cooperate with medical professionals or adhere to post-operative guidelines. It is crucial to recognize that successful outcomes are contingent upon the patient’s commitment to ongoing medical supervision and lifestyle modifications after the surgery.